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ACRE

Capital: Rio Branco
State Population: 437.419
Area: 153.149,9 km²
Economy: rubber and nuts, cattle breeding

The Acre's Flag is formed by two right-angled triangles (a green and a yellow one) joined by their respective hypotenuses. In the middle of the yellow triangle, the one that forms the superior part of the flag, there is a red star which symbolizes the signal light that guided those who aimed to incorporate the Acre into the Brazilian territory.

A symbol of peace and hope, this flag was idealized by José Plácido de Castro who adopted the former flag, created by Dom Luiz Galvez Rodrigues de Arias, adding initastarashad suggested Colonel Rodrigo de Carvalho, the intellectual author of the last revolutions of this state.

This flag was officially adopted by the Governor of the ex- territory of Acre (nowadays State of Acre), Epaminondas Jácome.

Acre is a state in western Brazil, bordered by Peru on the west and south and Bolivia on the east. Located in the rain-forest zone. Acre was ceded to Bolivia by Brazil in 1867, but it was settled in the late 19th century by Brazilian rubber gatherers who declared Acre an independent nation in 1899. Acre was reannexed to Brazil as a territory in 1903, and it became a state in 1962

AMAPA

Capital: Macapá
State Population: 308.713
Area: 143.453,7 km2
Economy: Brazil nuts, logging, mining

AMAPA

AMAZONAS

Capital: Manaus
State Population: 2.217.163
Area: 1.577.820.2 km²
Economy: mining, industries, fishing, extracting

The most recent law regulating form and characteristics of the Amazonas' Flag is Law No 1,513 of January 14th 1 982.

The Flag is constituted of 3 horizontal stripes in the colors red and white, so that 2 white stripes border the red Strine The stripes have the same length of the Flag, excepting the first stripe, the length of which is shortened to correspond to the blue rectangle situated at the superior left side of the Flag.

Upon the blue rectangle appear 25 stars in silver, representing by symbols the number of the municipalities existing on August 4th, 1897 and signifying the historical moment of the embarkment of the Military Forces of Amazonas to fight at Canudos.

The stars have sizes of first and second grandeur. I n the center of the rectangle appears the star of first grandeur representing the municipality of Manaus. The other municipalities are represented by stars of second grandeur placed in horizontal lines of four rows.

Pictures of the Amazon and its cities...
Indio Ianomani (7K)
Indio Xavante (5K)
Teatro Amazonas, view from Praca São Sebastião (53K)
Manaus, Picture 2 (34K)
Various Photos
Manaus, aerial view (30K)
Links to the Amazon and its cities...
Amazonas
Amazonia
Amazon by National Geographic
Amazon quick-look LANDSAT images
Manaus
Manaus
 

PARÁ

Capital: Belém
State Population: 5.181.570
Area: 1.253.164.5 km²
Economy: mining, agriculture, cattle raising, industry

The Republic of Pará was proclaimed on 16th November 1689, and in the following year, the Municipal Council of this state accepted the proposal of its President, Artur Indio do Brasil recognizing the flag of the Republican Club as the official flag of the Municipality of Belém.

Afterward, the traditional symbol of the republicans was adopted as the flag of the Pará State.

The flag is formed by a red rectangle crossed by a white inclined stripe which descends from the left top to the right (45 degrees of deviation), having a blue star in its middle. The white stripe is the imaginary planetary belt representing the zodiac. The star is of magnitude 1.0 and belongs to the constellation of Virgo.

The red color symbolizes the vigor that is in the blood of the "Paraense" people.

Belém, Para, is the largest city in the Amazon Basin. The climate is hot and rainy.

The city's recent growth has been stimulated by improved transportation connections.

The Belém-Brasilia Highway, completed in 1960, runs 2,350 km (1,460 mi) in an almost straight north-south line between the two cities. A state university, several newspapers, and the large, white marble Paz Theater serve the educational and cultural needs of the people.

Belém, founded by the Portuguese in 1616, was the focus of several economic booms thereafter

Pictures of Pará and its cities...
Belém (51K)
Belém (aerial view)(33K)

Links to Pará and its cities...
Belém
Ministério Público do Estado do Pará

RONDONIA

Capital: Porto Velho
State Population: 1.241.276
Area: 238.512.8 km²
Economy: agriculture, extracting (rubber, lumber, minerals)

The flag of the youngest State of the Brazilian Federation - created trough the complementary Law No. 41 of December 22nd, 1981, was chosen in a contest won by the proposal of the young man Silvio Carvalho Feitosa.

The upper half of the rectangle, lengthy, is blue. The five-equidistant-point-star is placed at the center of the flag. The surface formed by the lower points of the star, from the center to the inferior edges of the rectangle is green. The two equal polygons in the right and in the left sides of the star are yellow-gold.

Using four of the colors of the National Pavilion, the flag of Rondonia synthesizes the creation of the New State itself: "it is the newest star shining in the sky of the Union".

RONDÔNIA

Elevado de Território à categoria de Estado da Federação pela Lei n.° 136, de 20 de dezembro de 1981, o recém-criado Estado de Rondônia delineia-se com promissoras perspectivas de expansão econômica, dada a excelente qualidade de suas terras e clima.

A ocupação deste que é hoje o mais novo Organismo Político- administrativo brasileiro foi iniciada no século XVII, a partir da penetração de portugueses na região amazônica. Os pioneiros colonizadores seguiram as trilhas inicialmente abertas pelos padres j esuítas que vinham em em busca de riquezas naturais. A descoberta de jazidas auríferas no vale do Guaporé provocou o surgimento dos primeiros núcleos urbanos.

O segundo surto de colonização aconteceu somente no século XX, provocado ao fim do período áureo da borracha. Com a construção da estrada de ferro Madeira-Mamoré, apareceram novos núcleos populacionais.

Nesta última década, o número de migrantes que procura Rondônia em busca do Eldorado vem aumentando sensivelmente. Os fluxos migratórios, cada dia mais crescentes, permitiram que se adotasse um tipo de ação para fixar o homem que chega atraído pelas excepcionais qualidades do solo. Em 1978, foram cadastrados pelo Governo 12.664 migrantes; no ano seguinte, este número foi quase triplicado, reunindo, segundo estatísticas oficiais, 36.791 pessoas que buscaram em Rondônia melhores condições de vida e, até 1990, espera-se novamente triplicar a atual população com gente advinda, principalmente, do Paraná, Mato Grosso, São Paulo, Espírito Santo e M inas Gerais.

Com uma das menores densidades demográficas do País, Rondônia chega a ter o correspondente a 0,5 habitante por km2. São, portanto, grandes as potencialidades regionais para abrigar novos fluxos migratórios.

Estado essencialmente jovem, sua população concentra-se na faixa de 10 a 35 anos de idade,Acompanha-se com muito otimismo a rapidez do processo de expansão demográfica e econômica, que apresentou, nos últimos cinco anos, uma taxa anual de crescimento da ordem de 16%.

 

Com a pavimentação da rodovia Cuiabá-Porto Velho, que interliga estes dois importantes pólos distantes cerca de 1500 km, e a construção da usina hidrelétrica de Samuel, novos horizontes se abrem para o progresso de Rondônia. Além disso, a região vem sendo apontada como a nova e promissora fronteira no processo de ocupação produtiva do Centro-Oeste e da Amazônia. São cerca de 410.000 km2 altamente favoráveis à agricultura. Mais da metade da área terrestre dessa região é considerada adequada para cultivos agrícolas temporários e permanentes.

Confirmando sua importância no contexto agricola do Noroeste brasileiro, elevou-se em cerca de 300% a área plantada do Estado. Presentemente, o Noroeste brasileiro, com destaque para Rondônia, produz em torno de 30 mil toneladas de café e cacau; 160 mil toneladas provenientes de lavouras de arroz, milho, feijão, mandioca, amendoim e algodão; 120 mil toneladas de madeira e 25 mil toneladas de carne.

O arroz representa 34% das culturas do novo Estado e sua produção vem crescendo em ritmo surpreendente. Outra cultura que vem tendo excepcional crescimento é a do milho e para o cacau está sendo desenvolvido, em Rondônia, o maior programa da CEPLAC/Amazônia, enquanto, paralelamente, a cultura do café também se expande.

Em futuro próximo, Rondônia deverá ser auto-suficiente em sua pecuária, suprindo, além de suas necessidades, as dos Estados vizinhos do Acre e Amazonas.

Links to Rondonia and its cities...
Unprecedented Challenge o World Bank Project in Rondonia
Rondônia

RORAIMA

Capital: Boa Vista
State Population: 2.503.128
Area: 225.116.1 km²
Economy: agriculture, cattle raising, extracting (lumber, gold, diamonds, cassiterita)

Pictures of Roraima and its cities...
Roraima plateau

 

TOCANTINS

Capital: Palmas
State Population: 970.155
Area: 278.420,7 km2
Economy: commerce, agriculture, cattle

 

In the early 19th century, the special magistrate Mr. Joaquim Teotônio Segurado risen up against the oligarchies, which exercised an autocratic control of the Brazilian colonial society.

Today, almost 200 years have elapsed after the establishment, by Segurado, in 1821, of the Autonomous Government of Palmas' District (the government was installed at São João da Palma's District which became Palma's District and nowadays is Paraná). His attitude is considered the first chapter of Tocantins history.

During 180 years, generations after generations dreamed about an autonomous government.

Finally with sweat and tears men and women of all ages belonging to different races and religions, achieved their dream by writing, after a lot of fight, the most important page of Tocantins' history: the creation of the Brazilian State of Tocantins by the promulgation of the 8th Brazilian Constitution.

At the beginning their voices could not be heard, since they were a simple whisper. But little by little the intensity of these hoarse voices has grown and finally all of them together exploded in a clamor, which first, emotionalized people from Tocantins regions before being heard by the whole country.

The towering figure of this important movement toward the creation of Tocantins was Mr. José Wilson Siqueira Campos, who spent 25 years of his political life at the forefront of this honorable fight, before seeing the constitutional creation of the Brazilian State of Tocantins.

Tocantins is a state located at the northern region of Brazil, that belongs to the legal Amazon region. Its surface is 286.944 km2 and the population is approximately 1 million inhabitants.

The policy of the new state is to be engaged with the free initiative, since there foreign and local investors are welcomed to built, together with Tocantins' people, a modern and developed state.

The economy of the state is mainly centralized on the primary economic activities which correspond to the highest percentage of the gross state product and employ the greatest number of workers.

On the agricultural field, 2,5 millions tons of grains are annually produced and the most important ones are: rice, corn, beans and soybeans. The manioc and the sugar cane, for alcohol production, are also important products besides the irrigated rice and soybean.

The cattle raising activity also shows important numbers: 6,5 millions of steers plus 1 million of oxes ready to be butchered.

Minerals such as gold, gypsum, diamond, rock crystal, amianthus and limestone occur widely in the region.

Among the foregoing activities, cattle raising and agriculture are the most important ones since the region has a humid, plane and rich soil, specially under the lands alongside the Araguaia river. The landscape is composed of beautiful valleys and low grassy lands bordering the Araguaia river which are responsible for the formation of Bananal Island, the biggest fluvial island in the world.

The limits of Tocantins are: northern - the Brazilian State of Maranhão; eastern - the Brazilian State of Maranhão, Piaui, Bahia; southern - the Brazilian State of Goiás; western - the Brazilian State of Mato Grosso and Pará.

The State of Tocantins is the 9th Brazilian state as far as its territory is concerned. Thanks to its navigable rivers the Brasília/Belém road and the construction of the North/South railway, today Tocantins bridges important regions of the country: the North, the Center and the South .

 

Links to Tocantins and its cities...
Gurupi

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