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ESPIRITO SANTO

Capital: Vitória

State Population: 2.698.313
Area: 46.184.1 km²
Economy: industries, agriculture

The flag of the State of Espirito Santo was created by the Decree No. 16618 of July 24th, 1947, signed by the Governor Carlos Fernando Monteiro Lindemberg.

The flag is divided into three longitudinal and equal rectangular fields. The upper field is blue and the lower one is pink. In the central white field there is the inscription "WORK AND TRUST" printed in blue characters. Mario Martins, a Brazilian writer, states that the inscription is originated from the jesuita's motto, Order to which belonged Father Anchieta, as follows: Work as if everything depended on you and trust as if everything depended on God".

Despite the rose being a color dissuaded by the Heraldry it was used by the creators of the flag in order to represent a shade of pink found in the "capixaba" sky, which during summer afternoons presents changing shades of pink mixed with the atmospheric blue.

ESPÍRITO SANTO - O Maior Complexo Portuário do Brasil

Apesar da carta de doação da Capitania do Espirito Santo a Vasco Fernandes Coutinho ter sido expedida a 1.° de junho de 1534, somente a 23 de maio de 1535 ocorreu a chegada do donatário e seus sessenta companheiros ao solo capixaba. O desembarque deu-se na enseada junto à atual cidade de Vila Velha.

Nos quatrocentos e quarenta e seis anos que separam os dias atuais.dos primeiros momentos da colonização capixaba, o solo espírito-santense presenciou o surgimento e a passagem de homens e mulheres que,hoje,fazem parte da sua historia.

O Padre José de Anchieta, em 1980 beatificado, misto de catequista, evangelizador, professor, médico, artesão guerreiro, pacificador. filósofo e poeta residia na capitania de São Vicente, atual Estado de São Paulo, mas foi diversas vezes ao Espírito Santo até a sua instalação definitiva na aldeia de Reritiba.

Os indígenas que habitavam o solo espírito-santense deram à história do Brasil o nome de Araribóia, figura marcante nos esforços de combate à invasão francesa no inicio da colonização brasileira.

Também o elemento negro deixou sua marca na história capixaba. Mas, apesar de terem sido os portugueses os colonizadores do solo capixaba durante cerca de três décadas, a ocupação por eles feita do território do Espírito Santo não foi além da faixa litorânea. A impermeabilidade da floresta,guardada pelos indígenas ferozes,e as serras abruptas não permitiram a entrada do colonizador. Some-se a isto a necessidade que tinha a Coroa Portuguesa de proteger seus interesses nas Minas Gerais contra as possibilidades de contrabando de ouro através da costa do Estado do Espírito Santo, e teremos um quadro de razões para chegar o Espírito Santo ao fim do século XVIII com uma população pouco superior aos 15.000 habitantes.

Hoje, o Estado do Espírito Santo, de frente para o Atlântico, com cerca de 500 km de costa, mantém uma vocação genuinamente marítima. No litoral capixaba, está implantado o maior complexo Portuário do Brasil, a serviço da exportação. Lá, operam os Portos de Vitória e Capuaba, os Terminais de Tubarão, Ubá e Barra do Riacho. Constroi-seo grande Porto de Praia Mole. O Espírito Santo vai, assim, se constituindo no maior comp!exo Portuário da América do Sul, hoje com mais de 40% das nossas exportações.

A Marinha está presente no Estado com a Capitania dos Portos, fiscalizando toda esta área de terminais, piers e atracadouros, em seu litoral. Também a modelar Escola de Aprendizes Marinheiros do Espírito Santo, preparando homens para as atividades náuticas, contribui para a boa formação de marujos que,pelos continentes do mundo,mostrarão a pujança e a capacidade da Marinha Brasileira.

A economia do Estado tem como principal fonte a cultura do café, cuja produção em 1980 foi da ordem de 326.570 toneladas. É seguido pela banana, cacau, laranja

Pictures of Espírito Santo and its cities...
Anchieta (28K)
Vitoria (40K)
Links to Espírito Santo and its cities...
Vitória

MINAS GERAIS

Capital: Belo Horizonte

State Population: 16.143.322
Area: 588.383.6 km²
Economy: agriculture, industries, cattle raising

After various studies on its characteristics, the flag of the State of Minas Gerais was instituted by law n¡ 2.793, of January 8th,1963.

The Flag consists of a white rectangle, with twenty units of length and fourteen of width, with a red equilateral triangle in the center, that has eight units on each side, presenting on the upper left side, the word "LIBERTAS"; on the upper right side the words "QUAE SERA” and on the bottom, the word "TAMEN", forming in the whole the slogan of the conspiration of Minas Gerais (Inconfidência Mineira).

The form and design of the flag were made on the model idealized by the leaders of the liberation movement, of 1789, which would be adopted by the Republic that they planned to create. According to what is declared by Tiradentes, the triangle reminds the Three Persons of the Trinity.

Pictures of Minas Gerais and its cities...
Belo Horizonte (78K)
Formiga (52K)
Ouro Preto (26K)
Ouro Preto (very nice picture) (83K)
Tres Pontas (Milton Nascimento's land (43K)
Uberlandia (32K)
Links to Minas Gerais its cities...
Belo Horizonte
MINASGERAIS
Interior
Diamantina
Governador Valadares
Guaxupé
Juiz de Fora
Lagoa Santa
Montes Claros
Nova Ponte
Passos
Pocinhos do Rio Verde
Santos Dumont
Serro
PRODEMGE - GOVERNO DE MINAS GERAIS

RIO DE JANEIRO

Capital: Rio de Janeiro

State Population: 13.064.296
Area: 43.909.7 km²
Economy: industry, tourism

The Constitution of the new State of Rio de Janeiro, promulgated on July 23rd, 1975, establishes in its Article 223, that ''the Flag, the hymn, the armor and other symbols of the State of Rio de Janeiro be the same as of the former State of Rio de Janeiro".

The latest description and interpretation of the Flag of the State of Rio de Janeiro is the Law No. 5.588 of October 5th, 1965. The Flag is a rectangle divided in four equal parts, by horizontal and vertical axis. The color of the Flag is celestial blue and white, alternated. The superior rectangle near the flagpole is white, the inferior blue. The other side shows the superior rectangle in blue and the inferior in white. In the center is the armor of the State, the form of which is a cut oval with elements referring to Geography, Economy and History of the State.

Pictures of the city of Rio de Janeiro...
Arcos (28K)
Copacabana beach (45K)
Cristo Redentor (55K)
Enseada do Botafogo(13K)
Pão de Acucar (23K)
Rio de Janeiro (104K)
Rio de Janeiro
Buzios,Rio de Janeiro
Praia de Fora (26K)
Links to Rio de Janeiro and its cities...
Interior
Itaipava
Mauá
Quissamã
Rio das Ostras
Rio Off RIO
Rio de Janeiro
A different Road to Rio
All about Rio
Beaches of Rio
Rio Photo Depot
Rio Site Programação cultural detalhada da cidade maravilhosa.
Rio with Love recommendations about Brazilian Food &
Drinks, Restaurants & Bars, Tourist
Attractions, Beaches, and Hotels in Rio de
Janeiro.
Rio de Janeiro - UOfO
Rede Rio
Rio de Janeiro by http://www.copacabana.com/
Riotur
Via-Rio

SÃO PAULO

Capital: São Paulo

State Population: 32.697.101
Area: 248.808,8 km2
Economy: agriculture, cattle raising, services, industries, commerce

The flag of the São Paulo State is the representative flag used by the people during the Constitutional Revolution in 1932. On 16th July, 1888, the newspaper "O Rebate", which was founded by the writer Julio Ribeiro and used as a vehicle of republican ideas presented a flag formed by fifteen alternating stripes (8 black stripes and 7 white stripes) having on its superior corner a red rectangle. According to Júlio Ribeiro, the "paulista" flag symbolizes the three Brazilian races (the white, the black and the red race), having heraldic legitimization and colors harmonically distributed, recognized by the possessors of coat of arms of all countries.

Nowadays, the flag is formed by thirteen horizontal stripes (7 of them black and 6 white) and a red rectangle on its superior left corner. lnside of it there is a silver circle with the geographic outline of the Brazilian Territory in blue and four golden stars on its angles.

São Paulo is the largest city of both South America and Brazil as well as the capital of Brazil's richest state, São Paulo. Located in the southeastern part of the country on the Tiete River, about 55 km (35 mi) inland from SANTOS, Brazil's principal port, São Paulo is the country's leading manufacturing and financial center.

Founded by Jesuits in 1554, São Paulo served during the 17th and 18th centuries as a base for Portuguese settlement of the interior. In 1822 it was the city in which Emperor Pedro I proclaimed Brazil's independence from Portugal. In the 1880s, São Paulo state became a major coffee-growing region

Pictures of São Paulo and its cities...
Guaruja (88K)
Itatiba (51K)
Jaboticabal (31K)
Jacarei (52K)
Jau (51K)
Peruibe (23K)
Pindamonhagaba (59K)
Rio Preto (79K)
Santos (37K)
São Carlos (52K)
São Vicente (25K)
São Jose dos Campos (50K)
Ubatuba (26K)
Links to São Paulo and its cities...
Interior
Araraquara
Campinas -
Guarujá
Ilhabela
Osasco
Pedreira
Peruíbe
Piracicaba
Presidente Prudente
Santos
Suzano
São Paulo
São Paulo maps

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