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PARANÁ

Capital: Curitiba

State Population: 8.587.370
Area: 431 km²
Economy: commerce, industry, services

The adoption of a Flag as characteristic symbol of the State dates in Paraná from 1892. The initial conception of the armor of the State of Paraná has been altered in 1 1904 trying to express a feeling of territorial integrity existent at the time.

The new Flag was used until 1937 when, with the intention to strengthen the national unity, all State Flags had been abolished.

Only in 1947, by Decree 2,457 of May 3rd, was reestablished in the State of Paraná the Flag as a State symbol .

The now existing Flag of Paraná, designed by Rudolf Doubeck, was constituted by a green quadrilateral, crossed from the superior angle to the left inferior one by a large white band containing the celestial sphere in blue and the five stars of the Constellation of the Southern Cross in white. The sphere is crossed, beneath the superior star of the Southern Cross, by a white band with the inscription, PARANÁ. Around the sphere, a branch of Pine tree on the right side and another one of "Mate" on the left side, symbolizing what in other times represented the economical basis of the State.

Pictures of Paraná and its cities...
Curitiba (36K)
Itaipu Dam (18K)
Londrina (28K)
Maringa (28K)
Links to Paraná and its cities...
Curitiba
Curitiba - VIA UofO
Interior
Estado do Parana - Brasil

RIO GRANDE DO SUL

Capital: Porto Alegre

State Population: 9.369.646
Area: 282.062 km2
Economy: agriculture, cattle raising, industry

The flag of the Rio Grande do Sul State was created during the Farroupilha Revolution. When the Republic of this state was proclaimed, on 11th September 1836, the revolutionists immediately pondered on the creation of a self-symbol to substitute the empire flag.

After the proclamation of the Brazilian Republic (1889) and with theConstitutional Assembly assembled, the Republican's flag of 1835 was adopted as official symbol of this state.

Only after the time the first Constitution of the State was promulgated(1891), the coat of arms was added to the flag.

At the present, the Rio Grande do Sul flag is composed by three parts: the green, the red and the yellow one. The green and the yellow parts are right-angled triangles separated by a red quadrilateral. The right-angle of the green triangle is placed on the superior left-corner of the flag and the right-angle of the yellow triangle is placed on the inferior right corner of it. There is a vertical white ellipse with the coat of arms in the middle of it.

The legislation concerning the form and the presentation of this flag is the state law No. 5.213 of 5th January 1966 which had some of its articles modified. These amendments were published in the official journal of the State on 11 th November 1968.

Pictures of Rio Grande do Sul and its cities...
gaucho (39K)
churrasco - wonderful barbecue (42K)
Gramado (36K)
Panambi (53K)
Porto Alegre - aerial view (35K)
Links to Rio Grande do Sul and its cities...
Gaudério's Home Page
Passeio por Porto Alegre
PortoAlegre City Hall

SANTA CATARINA

Capital: Florianópolis

State Population: 4.696.684
Area: 95.442.9 km²
Economy: industry, agriculture, cattle raising, extracting (minerals)

The most recent description of the flag of the State of Santa Catarina was a result of law 975 of October 29th, 1953. The Flag is made up of three stripes of the same width, reds and in the center the white one. In the center the light green lozenge with the arms of the State; the white star symbolizing the unity of the municipal districts of Santa Catarina; the eagle represents the productive forces; the key, represents the strategically position of the State for the occupation of the extreme South; the anchor reminds the ocean that bathes the State; the date of November 17th, 1889 - represents the implanting of the republican regime of the State; the bloomed branches of wheat and coffee, and the floating lace with the inscription of the State of Santa Catarina and the phrygian cap (symbolizing the republican regime).

Pictures of Santa Catarina and its cities...
Blumenau (40K)
Santa Catarina (28K)
Links to Santa Catarina and its cities...
Camboriú
Camboriú tourist attractions
Criciúma
Floripa
Schroeder
São José

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